Sebond’s reasons are weak. II. Responses to the first objection () i. Reason may be used to support the truths that faith reveals () ii. Faith has not been. For a reputedly humanistic and temperate philosophy, the Apology [sic] for Raymond Sebond comes off as one of the most intemperate of. Complete summary of Michel Eyquem de Montaigne’s Apology for Raymond Sebond. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of Apology for.

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The opinion of wisdome is the plague of man. Plato and these examples conclude that we are brought to beleeve in God either by reason or by compulsion, Atheisme being a proposition as unnaturall and monstrous as it is hard and uneasie to be established in any mans minde, how insol ent and unruly soever he may be: For, I suppose that meanes meerely humane can no way be capable of it; which if they were, so many rare and excellent mindes, and so plenteously stored with naturall faculties, as have beene in times past, would never by their discourse have foor the attayning of this knowledge.

Aristotle to that purpose alleageth the divers calles or purres of partriges, according to the situation of their place sebons breeding. Now forasmuch as divers ammuse themselves to reade it, and especially Ladies, to whom we owne most service, it hath often beene my hap to help them, when they were reading it, to discharge the booke of two principall objections, aoplogy are brought against the same.

They are moved, stirred and removed in their motions by the same springs and wards that we are in ours. My Master said he being Proconsull in Affrica, forsomuch as he caused me every day to be most cruelly beaten, and held me in so rigorous bondage, I was constrained, as being wearie of my life, to run away; and safely to scape from so eminent a person, and who had so great authoritie in the Countrie, I thought it best to get me to the desart and fpr unfrequented wildernesses of that region, with a full resolution, if I could not compasse the meanes to sustaine my selfe, to finde one way or other, with violence to make myselfe away.

Those watching-dogs which in their sleep we sometimes see to grumble, and then barking, to startle suddainly out of their slumber, as if they perceived some stranger to arive, that stranger which their minde seemeth to see is but an imaginarie man, and not perceived, without any dimension, colour, or being: It is that which himselfe telleth us, that by his visible operations be doth manifest those that are invisible to us.

And if gaymond be as Cosmographers report that there are nations who receive and admit a dogge to be their king, it must necessarily follow that they give a certaine interpretation to his voice and moving. She is as in the mouth of a Lawyer, and not as she ought in the heart and affection of the partie. Was it ever found that sensualitie and health are more pIeasing unto him that understands Astrologie and Grammar?

Let us suppress this overweening, the first foundation of the tyrannie of the wicked spirit.


We rather admire and consider strange than common things, without which I should never so long have ammused my selfe about this tedious catalogue. It were a manifest wronging of God’s goodnesse if all this universe did not consent and sympathise with our beleefe.

Apology for Raymond Sebond | work by Montaigne |

A multis animalibus decore vincimur: But the caution they use in gnawing, and prevention they employ in paring their graines of wheat, is beyond all imagination of mans wit: With another language and with other names speake we unto and call them than we doe our birds, our hogges, our oxen, our horses, and such like; and according to their different kindes we change our idiome.

Considering the importance of Princes actions, and their weight, wee perswade ourselves they are brought forth by some weighty and important causes; wee are deceived: King Pirrhus, finding a dog that apoloty a dead man, and understanding he had done so three daies and nights together, commanded the corps to be enterred and tooke the dog along with him.

The like befalleth us in our judging of beasts. Touching trust and faithfulnesse, there is no creature in the world so trecherous as man.

The Essays of Montaigne/Book II/Chapter XII – Wikisource, the free online library

If man were wise he would value everything according to its worth, and as it is either more profitable or more necessarie for life. For a regiment of our health, Physitians propose the example of bats manner of life and proceeding unto us: As for speech, sure it is that if it be not naturall it is not necessary. Touching gratitude and thankfulnesse for me thinks we have need to further this word greatlythis onely example shall suffice, of which Appion reporteth to have been a spectator himself.

The Portugals not long since beleagring the City of Tamly, in the territory of Xiatine, the inhabitants thereof brought great store of hives whereof they have plentie upon their walls; and with fire drove them so forcible upon their enemies, who, as unable to abide their assaults and endure their stingings, left their enterprize.

Whereas so divine and heavenly an institution never markes Christians but by the tongue. And listen now from whence commeth the voyce and instruction of one and other: And my selfe have seene some fish-ponds where at a certaine crie of those that kept them, the fish would presently come to shoare, where they were wont to be fed.

This meere logicall tricke, and this use of divided and conjoyned. If I have my houre to begin or to refuse, sebod hath she hers. The handles and swathes about our children are no more necessary: Thence forward he and I lived together the full space of three yeares in his den, with such meat as he shifted-for; for what beasts he killed, or what prey soever he tooke, he ever brought home the better part and shared it with me, which for want of fire I rotted in the Sunne, and therewith cor my selfe all that while.

By that reason, the fox, which the inhabitants of Thrace use when they will attempt to march upon the yce of some frozen river, and to that end let her go loose afore them, should we see her running alongst the river side, approch ramond eare close to the yce, to listen whether by any farre or neere distance she may heare the noyse or roaring of the water running under the same, and according as she perceiveth the yce thereby to be thicke or thinne, to goe either forward or backward; might not we lawfully judge that the same discourse possesseth her head as in like case it would ours?


An Apology for Raymond Sebond

His drift is bold, and his scope adventurous for he undertaketh by humane and naturall reasons, to establish and verifie all the articles of Christian religion against Atheists. Nature hath generally imbraced all her creatures: We, who have no commerce but of gor with them?

The like must be judged of so many wiles and inventions wherewith beasts save themselves from the snares and scape the baits we lay to entrap them.

He works himself into a frenzy of attack fot all claims and pretenses of human reason, proclaiming their impotence against the works of Foe and fate. Yet have some boasted that they understood them, as Apollonius Thyaneus, Melampus, Tiresias, Thales, and others. View but the horrible impudencie wherewith we tosse divine reasons to and fro, and how irreligiously wee have both rejected and taken them againe, according as fortune hath in these publike stormes transported us from place to place.

For as I remember it was he whom Sertorius vanquished in Spaine, with all those goodly armes. tor

Montaigne: Apology for Raymond Sebond

Oh men, most braine-sicke and miserable, that endeavour to be worse than they can! To conclude, there is no motion nor jesture that doth not speake, and speakes in a language very easie, and without any teaching to be understood: As for warre, which is the greatest and most glorious of all humane actions, I would faine know if we will use it for an argument of some prerogative, or otherwise for a testimonie of our imbecilitie and imperfection, as in truth the science we use to defeat and kill one another, to spoile and utterly to overthrow our owne kind, it seemeth it hath not much to make it selfe to be wished for in beasts, that have it not.

Touching clemencie, it is reported of a tiger the fiercest and most inhumane beast of all having a kid given her to feed upon, endured the force of gnawing hunger two daies together rather than she would hurt him; the third day with maine strength she brake the cage wherein she was kept pent, and went elsewhere to shift for feeding; as one unwilling to seize upon the seelie kid, her familiar and guest.

The vanitie of our presumption maketh us rather to be beholding, and as it were endebted unto our owne strength, for our sufficiency, than unto her liberalitie; and enrich other creatures with naturall gifts, and yeeld those unto them, that so we may ennoble and honour our selves with gifts purchased, as me thinketh, by a very simple humour: Beasts as well as wee have choice in their loves, and are very nice in chusing of their mates.