Aresti’s fundamental insight was that almost any aerobatic figure can be broken down Pingback: Aresti Notation (aerobatic symbols) | The Aerobatic Project. EXPLANATION OF ARESTI SYMBOLS. Beginning of flight. | End of flight. Inside loop (positive G). Start of manoeuvre. Outside loop (negative G). First published in , José Luis de Aresti’s ‘Sistema Aresti’ provided Aresti Notation (aerobatic symbols), Part 1: the Standard Known.

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A half loop then results in a vertical down-line. The pivot is stopped with opposite rudder when the nose points straight down. There are four basic types of rolls: Why not take advantage of it? This is a detailed explanation on how to properly execute a Hammerhead to the IAC competition judging standard.

Aresti Notation Tutorial |

Each figure’s grades are multiplied by its K and summed to yield a total raw score for the flight. A good sequence depends on how these parts fit together. During an aerobatics competition, judges grade the execution of each manoeuver with a value between 10 perfect and 0 highly flawed. Solid lines describe upright flight, and dashed lines describe inverted flight. The roll rate has to wymbols constant and the flight path must continue in a straight line.

Figure 3 indicates a tailslide with the wheels down during the flip. These descriptions are NOT intended as instruction.

But this broad term includes many other smaller categories of flying, including stunt flying, competitive aerobatics, and display flying. This is a detailed explanation on how to properly execute the Point Roll maneuver to the IAC Competition judging standards. Use the Aresti system to write down the maneuvers; this greatly helps in practice and makes a record of your maneuvers for later reference. Spins may be entered from upright or inverted horizontal flight. This one, like the Immelman, does not preserve speed and altitude.


The aileron is fully deflected in the direction of the roll. The aerobatics version of the Lazy Eight is two wingovers back to back. Make sure you are not too fast going into the maneuver, otherwise you may exceed redline symbosl. A half roll then results in horizontal upright flight.

Two- four- and eight-point rolls are allowed. This maneuver combines a turn with rolls.

Figure 2 shows an outside snap. The catalog is now only available in printed form for a fee from Aresti System S. The rotation has to stop exactly after the specified number of turns. After the compulsory sequence, the pilot may fly a short aresfi routine of his own choosing.

At the advanced stage, the maneuvers come rapidly, one after the other, so it becomes more important than ever to exit each maneuver properly so you can move directly to the next. This is one of the most basic maneuvers, but not easy to fly well. Parts of loops connect these line segments. For a more detailed insight, see the graphics accompanying each individual maneuver listed on the aerobatic courses page.

As you move up in difficulty level, more maneuvers are included. Archived from the original on 3 March This is a detailed explanation of the Immelman to competition judging standards.

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Slow rolls are flown normally on a straight aressti one exception is rolls flown at the top of a loop. At the 90 degree point the plane has the maximum pitch angle which should be close to the critical angle of attack. At the completion of the maneuver, the plane is at the same altitude as on entry and flying in the opposite direction.

The first, called the “known,” is a combination of maneuvers chosen at the start of each year and thereafter flown by every pilot at every contest. The controls are maintained in that position till the roll is completed.

Sequence Flying

The two vertical lines and the horizontal line on top have to be of the same length. Archived from the original on 26 March Skip to main content. Eric Muller of Switzerland. A roll symbol that starts at the line denotes a half roll see description of the Immelman.


You won’t regain the altitude lost during the two descending maneuvers. These maneuvers are the same for every competitor in a particular class. The following sequence is similar to the compulsory sequence for flyers in the Intermediate Class of competition.

The airspeed may be very low, close to zero, but since there is no wing loading during the turn-around, there is no stall at zero g wing loading, a wing does not stall.