The Ashtadhyayi. Translated into English by Srisa Chandra Vasu [Panini Panini, Srisa Chandra Vasu] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. This is a reproduction of a book published before This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant . Index:The Ashtadhyayi, Translated into English by Srisa Chandra From Wikisource. Jump to Title, The Ashtadhyayi. Author, Srisa.
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Here is how we should classify the rules: This sort of rule specifies an idea that extends to the rules that follow it. I’ve listed the rules here from the most concrete to the most abstract.
Throughout this series of lessons, I will use the Sanskrit terms. This rule tells us how we should classify the things that come from plants. Introduction As you might have realized, Panini is difficult.
This rule defines the term “vegetable” as a food that does not contain seeds. One such rule is one syllable long: It specifically states an intuitive concept that we should apply to other objects from plants.
Such a rule tells us how we should read and understand the other rules in the Ashtadhyayi. Coincidentally, they also feature noun endings that we haven’t yet studied. If you came to this lesson from Starting Out, you can click here to return to the review page and continue through the grammar guide. We must understand, however, that the Ashtadhyayi was originally taught orally; students learned the work by heart and could recall any individual rule at will.
But when considered with the rules above it, we learn that it represents a vowel with a special property. So, a fruit is food, and a vegetable is food as well. About Contact Preferences Using the Site. So, what do we do? Thus, a tomato is treated “like” a vegetable. We add the property of “vegetable” to the tomato. A fruit contains seeds, and a vegetable does not. Likewise, but not turnips is meaningless without a proper context.
Index:The Ashtadhyayi, Translated into English by Srisa Chandra Vasu.djvu
Now we talk about food. Yranslation you might have realized, Panini is difficult. An exception to a previous rule. This sort of rule doesn’t address other rules: This rule defines the term “fruit” as a food that contains seeds. By itself, this rule means nothing. But the Ashtadhyayi is more complicated than this: This sort of rule describes the way that Sanskrit actually behaves.
This is useful because the Ashtadhyayi contains complex rules that act on very specific terms. For illustration’s sake, I’ve created an example.
The Structure of the Ashtadhyayi | Learn Sanskrit Online
The examples in the next lesson are more complex. This is a good place to stop for now.
The various rules I’ve listed the rules here from the most concrete to the transaltion abstract. It’s important to realize that we take an ordinary word and give it a new meaning.
The Ashtadhyayi. Translated into English by Srisa Chandra Vasu
It can describe such things as word formation, the application of sandhi, and so on. A short example For illustration’s sake, I’ve created an example. Such a rule sometimes specifies how far it extends, but usually its extension is clear from context.
Index Grammar guide Resources Tools Or: In the same way, some rules in the Ashtadhyayi are meaningless if separated from the ashtsdhyayi above them. This rule tells us that all of the rules that follow are talking about food. A summary in words The Ashtadhyayi is a list of rules.
This sort of rule contradicts an earlier vidhi rule. We must approach the work cyclically: This page was last edited on July 20, This rule is as basic as it gets. Thus, we have a large arrangement of different rules that we must try to understand. In this way, Panini created a brief and immensely dense work.
Although the rule doesn’t say so explicitly, we should understand that it only applies in the context of this list of rules. Today, most people learn the work by reading it, and that creates the sorts of problems and frustrations you might have had if you’ve tried to read the work on your own. Index Grammar guide Resources Tools. If you considered rule 4 by itself, you ashtadhyayyi have no idea what it was trying to say; and a vegetable does not only has a sensible meaning when considered alongside the rule that comes before it.
This example also brings up an important point about the structure of the Ashtadhyayi. Tomatoes are treated like vegetables. Rather, it essentially assumes that you’ve read some of it before you’ve ever started reading.