Hans Morgenthau and the Iraq war: realism versus neo-conservatism. Open source article – check for full text link won’t work. [ALL to review]. Add to My. 17 John J. Mearsheimer, “Hans Morgenthau and the Iraq War: Realism versus Neo-Conservatism,” , posted 19 May. Hans Morgenthau and the Iraq War: Realism Versus Neo-conservatism. Front Cover. John J. Mearsheimer. OpenDemocracy,

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We can never know for sure and it would be foolish to say with total certainty that Morgenthau would have opposed the Iraq war.

The RMA is largely useless in combatting an insurgency, against which a large army is needed, as the Bush administration has discovered in Iraq. Creating democracies in areas like the middle east, where there is little experience with that form of government, reallism a daunting task.

Setting up reading intentions help you organise your course reading. It included extensive military training, arms supplies, and brutal counter-insurgency operations.

The solution was obvious: Here’s an example of what they look like:. There is little doubt that Morgenthau saw nationalism as a potent political force and that, more than any other factor, it drove his opposition to the Vietnam war. Like all realists, he understood that we live in a balancing world and that the fall of Vietnam would not have a cascading effect in southeast Asia, much less across the entire globe.

The increasing death toll among US forces, and the widespread domestic opposition to the war, led Nixon and his national security adviser Henry Kissinger to devise a strategy of phased withdrawals of US troops and a transferring of heo-conservatism responsibilities to South Vietnam.

Hans Morgenthau and the Iraq war: realism versus neo-conservatism | openDemocracy

It was just assumed that democracy would sprout once Saddam Hussein and other tyrants were removed from power.


Of course, they believe in democratic peace theory, which says that democracies hardly ever fight each other.

It is pursuing a radical foreign policy, regardless of what one thinks of its merits. The road to Jerusalem, they would argue, runs through Baghdad.

The American military, in their view, would swoop down out of the sky, finish off a regime, pull back and reload the shotgun for the next target. There are other cases which demonstrate that nationalism quickly turns liberators into occupiers, who then face a major insurrection.

The numbers irqa combatants qar civilians killed sharply rose. Is part of Website Title openDemocracy Web address http: It makes it easy to scan through your lists and keep track of progress. Every realist I know would be thrilled to see Iraq turned into a thriving democracy.

Nevertheless, given his theory of international politics, his opposition to the Vietnam war and the parallels between the two conflicts, it is highly likely.

A clear step backwards: Their opposition came early, long before it became clear that the war was a lost cause; in fact Morgenthau was warning against American military involvement in Vietnam in the late s. To call the Bush administration conservative, at least in its foreign policy, is mistaken. It makes it easy to scan through your lists and keep track of progress.

Hans Morgenthau and the Iraq war: realism versus neo-conservatism | openDemocracy

There he wrote his defining work, Politics among Nations: Morgenthau was not opposed to making Vietnam democratic. But once the United States commits huge numbers of soldiers in a country like Iraq, it is no longer free to invade other countries because it is effectively stuck in a quagmire. Realists tend to believe that the most powerful political ideology on the face of the earth is nationalism, not democracy.

But if a state has awesome military power and can rely heavily on that power to do business in the international system, then it will not often need allies. After a succession of military defeats, the South Vietnamese army and state collapsed in Apriland victorious North Vietnamese troops entered Saigon a day after the US embassy there had been evacuated.


Your reading intentions are also stored in your profile for future reference. Neo-conservatives would say to realists that Iran and North Korea will respond to the fall of Saddam by understanding that they are numbers two and three on the hit list, and will seek to avoid the same fate by surrendering. The real trouble comes once the United States owns the country it has overrun, and the Americans are seen as occupiers and face an neoconservatism.

This belief in the utility of military force explains in large part why the Bush administration and the neo-conservatives favour unilateralism over multilateralism.

When you are staring down the barrel of that rifle, it is the United States that looks like the black hat. Neo-conservatives and their American critics Previous: Neo-conservatives correctly believe that the United States has a remarkably powerful military.

And very importantly, they believe that America can use its power to reshape the world to suit its interests. Critics of the Iraq war would also say to the neo-conservatives that it would make sense to solve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict before invading Iraq. Knocking off Saddam, the war party thought, would have a cascading effect in the middle east, if not the wider world. According to the domino theory, if Vietnam were to fall to communism, other countries in southeast Asia would quickly follow, and then countries in other regions would begin to fall under the rule of the Soviet Union.